Munzenmaier • Hamilton College • Urbandale, IA
You may have seen the Monty Python skit in which two men get into one of those "'did too' 'did not!'" discussions. What is the difference between an argument and a contradiction? As explained in Temple University's FAQs about argumentation:
So to make an academic argument, you take a stand, support it with evidence, and show why your stand makes more sense than an opposing viewpoint.
Still think you're not the type to argue? Check out Overcoming Arguer's Block.
The strategy of acknowledging opposing arguments (and then rebutting, or proving them wrong) is called counterargument. You'll need to use it in your research paper for CM220.
To argue well, you'll also need to provide evidence to support your arguments.
If you're really skilled in argument, you'll take time to analyze how your audience might react to your evidence.
Test Your Thesis (.doc)
Research Paper Rubric (.doc)
Overview of the Research Paper (Bailey, Ch. 19)
Developing a Thesis (tutorial takes you step-by-step from topic to thesis; U Wisc—Madison)
Developing a Thesis (tests for a good thesis from St. Cloud U)
How to Write a Thesis Statement (Indiana U—Bloomington)
Developing Your Thesis (Dartmouth)
Online Thesis Builder (Tom March's Electraguide)
Fear Not the Introduction (get started by skipping the introduction; Tina Blue)
Elements of Argument (thesis, organization, supporting evidence)
Counterargument (turn against, turn back)
The Basic Principles of Persuasive Writing (UBC Writing Centre)
Thinking Strategies and Writing Patterns (U Maryland)
Planning Your Argument (OhioLINK)
Make an Outline Online (Tom March's Electraguide)
Description of a Persuasive Essay (step-by-step guide)
of Effective Persuasive Essays
Argument (includes making a claim)
What Is an Argument? (appeals to logic, emotion, ethics; counterargument)
Recognizing Deceptive Arguments (InfoWrite)
Being Logical (Darling)
Model Paper: Sangvhi (snowmobiles should not be banned)
Model Paper: Daly (drivers' cell phone use should be regulated; uses MLA style)
Model Paper: Levy (drivers' cell phone use should not be regulated; uses MLA style)
Additional Argument Models (APA style)
Strengthening an Argument (tipsheet from University of Houston, Clear Lake)
Organizing Your Argument (PPT from Purdue's OWL)
Terms in a Toulmin Argument (claim-support-warrant)